Stylistics Quiz nr 9

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00013;   use of words to imitate natural sounds; accommodation of sound to sense. ("hiss", "bowwow", "murmur", "bump", "grumble", "sizzle")


00049; A good generous prayer it was.


0006; I have a million things to do.


00043;  ... is generally defined as an expression that has become hackneyed and trite. It has lost its precise meaning by constant reiteration: in other words it has become stereotyped. a kind of stable word combination which has become familiar and which has been accepted as a unit of a language;  e.g. rosy dreams of youth, growing awareness.


00034; the repetition of identical or similar terminal sound combination of words. .....words are generally placed at a regular distance from each other. In verse they are usually placed at the end of the corresponding lines.


00027; The White House - in place of the President or others who work there


00041. a combination of two words in which the meaning is opposite in sense.   e.g. speaking silence, cold fire, living death.


00021;  arrangement of words, phrases, or clauses in an order of ascending power. Last emphatic word in 1 phrase or clause is repeated as the 1st emphatic word of the next. (He worked hard, read a lot, made tests & then won the Noble Prize)


0050; based on repetition of syntactical patterns, but it has a reversed order in one of the utterances. It contributes to the rhythmical quality of the utterance, brings in some new shade of meaning or additional emphasis.  e.g. She was a good sport about all this, but so was he.


00018;  opposite of hyperbole. It’s a kind of irony that deliberately represents smth. as being much less than it really is. (I’d probably manage to survive on a salary of 2 000000 $ per year)


0004; Ears - for giving attention ("Lend me your ears!" from Mark Antony in Julius Caesar)


00029; ("doubling back") rhetorical repetition of 1 or several words;


00026; Reading that book kindled my interest in politics.


0008; Or stain her honour, or her new brocade."   (From Rape of the Lock, written by Alexander Pope.)


0007; I had to walk 15 miles to school in the snow, uphill.


00038; a relation between the dictionary and contextual logical meanings based on the affinity or similarity of certain properties or features of the two corresponding concepts. .....can be embodied in all the meaningful parts of speech, in nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs and sometimes even in the auxiliary parts of speech , as in prepositions.


00023; She bought the 1994 election, an antique cereal bowl, and the farm.


0005; an extreme exaggeration used to make a point. It is like the opposite of “understatement.” It is from a Greek word meaning “excess.”


00017; Ellipsis


00033; a phonetic stylistic device which aims at imparting a melodic effect to the utterance. The essence of this device lies in the repetition of similar sounds, in particular consonant sounds, in close succession, particularly at the beginning of successive words:


00040; based on a relation between the dictionary and contextual meanings, a relation based not on affinity, but on some kind of association connecting the two concepts which these meanings represent on a proximity.


00025; He broke into her conversation.


00035;  .....presupposes identity of the vowel sound and the following consonant sounds in a stressed syllable, including the initial consonant of the second syllable (in polysyllabic words), we have exact or identical rhymes.


00019; when the author delays the completion of his thoughts. ( If… if…if… if… you would be my husband)


0010;  "She looked at the object with suspicion and a magnifying glass." By Charles Dickens.


0009; "Mr. Pickwick took his hat and his leave."


00012; expresses a characteristic of an object, both existing & imaginary. (the sleepless pillow, the tobacco-stained smile, a ghost-like face)


00045; a phrase or sentence taken from a work of literature or other piece of writing and repeated in order to prove a point or support an idea. They are marked graphically: by inverted commas: dashes, italics.


00016;  implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words; word is used not in its literal sense, but in 1 analogous to it. (New kid in our class is really a squirrel.)


00042; a round - about way of speaking used to name some object or phenomenon. Longer-phrase is used instead of a shorter one. Some periphrasis are traditional.


00048; an indirect reference, by word or phrase, to a historical. literary, mythological fact or to a fact of everyday life made in the course of speaking or writing. The use of .....presupposes knowledge of the fact, thing oк person alluded to on the part of the reader or listener.


00039; Through the open window the dust danced and was golden.


00020; repeating of lines, words, or phrases for emphasis


00032; .... demands mentioning of what makes the sound, as rustling of curtains in the following line.   And the silken, sad, uncertain rustling of each purple curtain


0001; Choose Metaphor open end


00037; Mr. Pickwick bottled up his vengeance and corked it down.


00046; ....are short, well-known, supposedly wise sayings, usually in simple language.  e.g. Never say never. You can't get blood of a stone.


0003; A lifetime is a day, death is sleep; a lifetime is a year, death is winter.


00036; a metrical movement determined by various relations of long and short (accented/unaccented) syllables. It is a measured flow of words and phrases in prose or verse. It is a mighty weapon in stirring up emotions whatever its nature or origin, whether it is musical, mechanical or symmetrical as in architecture


00047;   The English word order is fixed. Any change which doesn't influence the meaning but is only aimed at emphasis is called a...... .


00011; harsh joining of sounds


000015;    substitution of 1 word for another which it suggests. (To earn one's bread, to live by the pen.)


000014;  apparent paradox achieved by the juxtaposition of words which seem to contradict one another. (adoring hatred, awfully nice, sweet sorrow)


0001; Choose Zeugma  open end


00031; contained in words that imitate natural sounds, as ding-dong, burr, bang, cuckoo. These words have different degrees of imitative quality. Some of them immediately bring to mind whatever it is that produces the sound. Others require the exercise of a certain amount of imagination to decipher it.


00028; The name of a country - used in place of the government, economy, etc.


00030; a combination of speech sounds which aims at imitating sounds produced in nature (wind, sea, thunder, etc.) by things (machines or tools, etc.), by people (singing, laughter) and animals.


00024; The journalists covered the assassination and up the conspiracy.


00044; a short clever amusing saying or poem. e.g. A thing of beauty is a joy forever.


00022;  explicit comparison between 2 things using 'like' or 'as'. (My love is like a red rose. Sly as a fox, busy as a bee.)

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