Stylistics Quiz nr 9

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00028; The name of a country - used in place of the government, economy, etc.


0008; Or stain her honour, or her new brocade."   (From Rape of the Lock, written by Alexander Pope.)


0007; I had to walk 15 miles to school in the snow, uphill.


0006; I have a million things to do.


00029; ("doubling back") rhetorical repetition of 1 or several words;


00039; Through the open window the dust danced and was golden.


00033; a phonetic stylistic device which aims at imparting a melodic effect to the utterance. The essence of this device lies in the repetition of similar sounds, in particular consonant sounds, in close succession, particularly at the beginning of successive words:


00049; A good generous prayer it was.


000015;    substitution of 1 word for another which it suggests. (To earn one's bread, to live by the pen.)


0001; Choose Zeugma  open end


000014;  apparent paradox achieved by the juxtaposition of words which seem to contradict one another. (adoring hatred, awfully nice, sweet sorrow)


00048; an indirect reference, by word or phrase, to a historical. literary, mythological fact or to a fact of everyday life made in the course of speaking or writing. The use of .....presupposes knowledge of the fact, thing oк person alluded to on the part of the reader or listener.


00016;  implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words; word is used not in its literal sense, but in 1 analogous to it. (New kid in our class is really a squirrel.)


0003; A lifetime is a day, death is sleep; a lifetime is a year, death is winter.


00036; a metrical movement determined by various relations of long and short (accented/unaccented) syllables. It is a measured flow of words and phrases in prose or verse. It is a mighty weapon in stirring up emotions whatever its nature or origin, whether it is musical, mechanical or symmetrical as in architecture


00021;  arrangement of words, phrases, or clauses in an order of ascending power. Last emphatic word in 1 phrase or clause is repeated as the 1st emphatic word of the next. (He worked hard, read a lot, made tests & then won the Noble Prize)


00022;  explicit comparison between 2 things using 'like' or 'as'. (My love is like a red rose. Sly as a fox, busy as a bee.)


00037; Mr. Pickwick bottled up his vengeance and corked it down.


00030; a combination of speech sounds which aims at imitating sounds produced in nature (wind, sea, thunder, etc.) by things (machines or tools, etc.), by people (singing, laughter) and animals.


00045; a phrase or sentence taken from a work of literature or other piece of writing and repeated in order to prove a point or support an idea. They are marked graphically: by inverted commas: dashes, italics.


00026; Reading that book kindled my interest in politics.


00025; He broke into her conversation.


0004; Ears - for giving attention ("Lend me your ears!" from Mark Antony in Julius Caesar)


00040; based on a relation between the dictionary and contextual meanings, a relation based not on affinity, but on some kind of association connecting the two concepts which these meanings represent on a proximity.


00042; a round - about way of speaking used to name some object or phenomenon. Longer-phrase is used instead of a shorter one. Some periphrasis are traditional.


00019; when the author delays the completion of his thoughts. ( If… if…if… if… you would be my husband)


00032; .... demands mentioning of what makes the sound, as rustling of curtains in the following line.   And the silken, sad, uncertain rustling of each purple curtain


00034; the repetition of identical or similar terminal sound combination of words. .....words are generally placed at a regular distance from each other. In verse they are usually placed at the end of the corresponding lines.


00041. a combination of two words in which the meaning is opposite in sense.   e.g. speaking silence, cold fire, living death.


00018;  opposite of hyperbole. It’s a kind of irony that deliberately represents smth. as being much less than it really is. (I’d probably manage to survive on a salary of 2 000000 $ per year)


00046; ....are short, well-known, supposedly wise sayings, usually in simple language.  e.g. Never say never. You can't get blood of a stone.


0005; an extreme exaggeration used to make a point. It is like the opposite of “understatement.” It is from a Greek word meaning “excess.”


00011; harsh joining of sounds


00023; She bought the 1994 election, an antique cereal bowl, and the farm.


00035;  .....presupposes identity of the vowel sound and the following consonant sounds in a stressed syllable, including the initial consonant of the second syllable (in polysyllabic words), we have exact or identical rhymes.


00012; expresses a characteristic of an object, both existing & imaginary. (the sleepless pillow, the tobacco-stained smile, a ghost-like face)


00044; a short clever amusing saying or poem. e.g. A thing of beauty is a joy forever.


0050; based on repetition of syntactical patterns, but it has a reversed order in one of the utterances. It contributes to the rhythmical quality of the utterance, brings in some new shade of meaning or additional emphasis.  e.g. She was a good sport about all this, but so was he.


00027; The White House - in place of the President or others who work there


00043;  ... is generally defined as an expression that has become hackneyed and trite. It has lost its precise meaning by constant reiteration: in other words it has become stereotyped. a kind of stable word combination which has become familiar and which has been accepted as a unit of a language;  e.g. rosy dreams of youth, growing awareness.


00013;   use of words to imitate natural sounds; accommodation of sound to sense. ("hiss", "bowwow", "murmur", "bump", "grumble", "sizzle")


00020; repeating of lines, words, or phrases for emphasis


0010;  "She looked at the object with suspicion and a magnifying glass." By Charles Dickens.


00031; contained in words that imitate natural sounds, as ding-dong, burr, bang, cuckoo. These words have different degrees of imitative quality. Some of them immediately bring to mind whatever it is that produces the sound. Others require the exercise of a certain amount of imagination to decipher it.


00047;   The English word order is fixed. Any change which doesn't influence the meaning but is only aimed at emphasis is called a...... .


0001; Choose Metaphor open end


00024; The journalists covered the assassination and up the conspiracy.


00017; Ellipsis


00038; a relation between the dictionary and contextual logical meanings based on the affinity or similarity of certain properties or features of the two corresponding concepts. .....can be embodied in all the meaningful parts of speech, in nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs and sometimes even in the auxiliary parts of speech , as in prepositions.


0009; "Mr. Pickwick took his hat and his leave."

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